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There are several variables listing the default holidays that Emacs
knows about. These are:
The names should be self-explanatory; e.g.,
lists sun- and moon-related holidays.
You can customize these lists of holidays to your own needs, deleting or
adding holidays as described below. Set any of them to
not show the associated holidays.
The general holidays are, by default, holidays common throughout the
United States. In contrast,
holiday-other-holidays are both empty by default. These are
intended for system-wide settings and your individual use,
By default, Emacs does not include all the holidays of the religions
that it knows, only those commonly found in secular calendars. For a
more extensive collection of religious holidays, you can set any (or
all) of the variables
Each of the holiday variables is a list of holiday forms, each form describing a holiday (or sometimes a list of holidays). Here is a table of the possible kinds of holiday form. Day numbers and month numbers count starting from 1, but dayname numbers count Sunday as 0. The argument string is always the description of the holiday, as a string.
(holiday-fixedmonth day string
(holiday-floatmonth dayname k string
(holiday-chinesemonth day string
(holiday-hebrewmonth day string
(holiday-islamicmonth day string
(holiday-julianmonth day string
yearto compute and return the date of a holiday in the form of a list
(month day year
nilif the holiday doesn't happen this year.
For example, suppose you want to add Bastille Day, celebrated in France on July 14 (i.e., the fourteenth day of the seventh month). You can do this as follows:
(setq holiday-other-holidays '((holiday-fixed 7 14 "Bastille Day")))
Many holidays occur on a specific day of the week, at a specific time of month. Here is a holiday form describing Hurricane Supplication Day, celebrated in the Virgin Islands on the fourth Monday in July:
(holiday-float 7 1 4 "Hurricane Supplication Day")
Here the 7 specifies July, the 1 specifies Monday (Sunday is 0, Tuesday is 2, and so on), and the 4 specifies the fourth occurrence in the month (1 specifies the first occurrence, 2 the second occurrence, −1 the last occurrence, −2 the second-to-last occurrence, and so on).
You can specify holidays that occur on fixed days of the Bahá'í, Chinese, Hebrew, Islamic, and Julian calendars too. For example,
(setq holiday-other-holidays '((holiday-hebrew 10 2 "Last day of Hanukkah") (holiday-islamic 3 12 "Mohammed's Birthday") (holiday-julian 4 2 "Jefferson's Birthday")))
adds the last day of Hanukkah (since the Hebrew months are numbered with 1 starting from Nisan), the Islamic feast celebrating Mohammed's birthday (since the Islamic months are numbered from 1 starting with Muharram), and Thomas Jefferson's birthday, which is 2 April 1743 on the Julian calendar.
To include a holiday conditionally, use either Emacs Lisp's
holiday-sexp form. For example, American presidential
elections occur on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November
of years divisible by 4:
(holiday-sexp '(if (zerop (% year 4)) (calendar-gregorian-from-absolute (1+ (calendar-dayname-on-or-before 1 (+ 6 (calendar-absolute-from-gregorian (list 11 1 year))))))) "US Presidential Election")
(if (zerop (% displayed-year 4)) (holiday-fixed 11 (calendar-extract-day (calendar-gregorian-from-absolute (1+ (calendar-dayname-on-or-before 1 (+ 6 (calendar-absolute-from-gregorian (list 11 1 displayed-year))))))) "US Presidential Election"))
Some holidays just don't fit into any of these forms because special
calculations are involved in their determination. In such cases you
must write a Lisp function to do the calculation. To include eclipses,
for example, add
and write an Emacs Lisp function
eclipses that returns a
(possibly empty) list of the relevant Gregorian dates among the range
visible in the calendar window, with descriptive strings, like this:
(((6 4 2012) "Lunar Eclipse") ((11 13 2012) "Solar Eclipse") ... )